Tuesday, 24 December 2013

Anglo-Sikh Wars: Sikhs betrayed at Christmas

The Khalsa Fauj were betrayed by Lal Singh and Tej Singh on  22nd December 1845 during the
Anglo Sikh Wars.

Raja Lal Singh, a commander of the Sikhs who gave the battle plans to the British.

Sunday, 15 December 2013

The Akalis and the Anglo-Sikh Wars

Fig 1. Akali Nihang in Lahore: Armed to the teeth

The following description narrates the salient features of the Akalis, including their contribution to the Anglo-Sikh wars. Many modern historians forget to mention, the heavy losses undertaken by the Akali Nihangs.

The author writing in 1869 describes the attire of the Khalsa and states the main body of the Akalis can be found at Hazur Sahib, where they were still defiant to British rule. I have added footnotes to the description to clarify parts of the writing.

Saturday, 7 December 2013

Sikh Charaina with depictions of Guru Nanak and Bhai Mardana

Char-aina or literally the four mirrors. Four plates worn over a shirt of mail in Persia, India and Central Asia. Usually they are rectangular and the two worn on the breast and back are considerably larger than those worn at the sides. 

Sunday, 24 November 2013

Guru Gobind Singh instructs the Sikhs after Guru Tegh Bahadur's martyrdom

Sign at Gurdwara Sis Ganj, the site where Guru Tegh Bahadur met his martyrdom. The Gurdwara was built by Baba Baghel Singh, conqueror of Delhi. 

Monday, 11 November 2013

Maharajah Ranjit Singh and the Sikh Scriptures part 2

Maharaja Ranjit Singh Panorama, Amritsar depicting the Koh-i-Noor being given to Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Saturday, 2 November 2013

Maharajah Ranjit Singh and the Sikh Scriptures part 1

Ranjit Singh the Maharajah of Panjab had full faith in both Scriptures: Guru Granth Sahib and Sri Dasam Granth Sahib. He undertook Vak from Guru Granth Sahib before undertaking his military expeditions. He also commissioned manuscript copies of the Sikh Granths by artisans in his court and beyond. He also ensured that the Granth Sahibs were carried on his expeditions. The following quote by Mufti ‘Ali’ ud-Din shows the respect that was paid to the Granth Sahibs in the Sikh empire:

Wednesday, 9 October 2013

Sri Guru Ram Das: Know yourself not your body.

Advice to the Guru’s followers: Bhai Mahan Nand and Bidhi Chand

Image: RAJASTHAN, EARLY 19TH CENTURY : Devanagari inscription: Private collection: 

Sunday, 15 September 2013

Sri Dasam Granth Sahib panel discussion

Discussion on Sri Dasam Granth Sahib: GetPunjabi TV channel.

Questions asked by Gurcharanjit Singh Lamba. With Sikh Scholars: Dr Harbhajan Singh, Gurinder Singh Mann, Dr Jodh Singh, Gyani Sher Singh.

Saturday, 13 July 2013



Wednesday, 26 June 2013

Saturday, 8 June 2013

Takht Hazur Sahib a presentation to children


I undertook a small talk on Takht Hazur Sahib for Sikh children attending Sikhi classes at Guru Nanak Gurdwara, Holy Bones, Leicester.

Sunday, 2 June 2013

Sri Dasam Granth Sahib at the Sri Akal Takht Sahib

An old engraving showing Granthis reciting from two Granths: this is similar to the painting created by August Schoefft. 

Saturday, 13 April 2013

Guru Gobind Singh Darshan: A Sikh scholar Baisakhi special

A depiction of the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs: Guru Gobind Singh from paintings.

The Guru is painted according to the artist and not necessarily how the Guru would have looked. The artists however may used other depictions to base their creations from. The style of these paintings range from Kashmiri to Rajput. They are all dated within the 19th century are are all kept in private collections.

Click to enlarge pictures.


Wednesday, 3 April 2013

The Throne of Akal and the Holy relics of the Khalsa

The Throne of Akal and the Holy relics of the Khalsa
by Gurinder Singh Mann, Leicester, UK.

Chakkars of Baba Deep Singh Shaheed

Sunday, 31 March 2013

Dasam Granth Questions and Answers presented to Sikh Scholars

On my recent trip to the Panjab (March 2013) i met up with several scholars at Panjabi University, Patiala. This included Dr Harpal Singh Pannu, Dr Jodh Singh, Dr Paramvir Singh, Dr Nazer Singh and Dr Harbhajan Singh. As there was also a Panjab History Conference taking place i was introduced to scholars from other Indian Universities. I presented a copy of my book Sri Dasam Granth Questions and Answers to the scholars as well receiving their contributions from their respective fields.

Monday, 4 March 2013

Baba Sahib Singh Kaladhari: The real Akali

Photographed at Akali Nihang Singh Gurdwara, adjacent to Takht Damdama Sahib in 2006. 

The Buddha Dal was in charge of numerous Gurdwaras across India and Pakistan before partition. After the Anglo-Sikh Wars the British tried to control and change our maryada. The Sikhs never paid heed to the words and wisdom of Akali Phula Singh who was fighting the British at the start of the nineteenth century. The contributions of Akali Baba Hanuman Singh have seldom been recognised in Sikh history.

Friday, 15 February 2013

Bhai Nand Lal: The poet laureate of Guru Gobind Singh's Kavi Durbar.

Gurinder Singh Mann, Leicester, UK 

This week sees the launch of a brand new website: www.bhainandlal.com  promoting the virtues and history of Bhai Nand Lal Goya. The Kavi (poet) was a great scholar of Persian. The Kavi has been praised throughout Sikh history and been given the title: poet laureate of Guru Gobind Singh' Durbar.

The bani/poetry of Bhai Nand Lal has been approved for recital in Gurdwaras as stated in the Sikh Rehat Maryada. This follows Guru Granth Sahib and Sri Dasam Granth Sahib.

Saturday, 19 January 2013

The Queens of the Khalsa, Bhai Shia Singh and the quest for the missing Dasam Pothis.

The Queens of the Khalsa, Bhai Shia Singh and the quest for the missing Dasam Pothis.

In the Durbar of the Tenth Guru there were many poets and scribes. However after the accession of the Tenth Guru and during the short rule of Banda Bahadur, Delhi became the command centre of Sikh learning and Granth compilation.[1] I have previously written about a relatively unknown scribe of the Sikh scriptures Bhai Har(i)das. I will now consider the scribe/compiler of Pothis (breviaries) and Granths known as Bhai Shia(n) Singh. In my research on the Granth of Guru Gobind Singh (Sri Dasam Granth Sahib)[2] his name appears several times but in fact little is known about him. Using a few anecdotes I will piece together a short history of Bhai Shia Singh.